Human Economic Activities on Animal Diversity in Nature Reserves
With the rapid development of tourism, activities related to human economic activities, including human trampling, motor vehicle crushing, construction of tourist facilities, and garbage disposal, have caused many ecological problems such as soil degradation, vegetation destruction, and reduced animal diversity. In many human economic activities, human trampling is a ubiquitous problem and it has caused serious disturbances to vegetation and soil. The tourist area is the most influential area of trampling, so it has become a key area to study the impact of tourism trampling on the ecosystem. Animal diversity is closely related to the sustainable development of human society. Animal diversity assessment is the basis for animal diversity conservation and management. Accurate and reliable grasp of animal diversity information is the basis for scientific decision-making of animal diversity conservation. Large-scale animal diversity assessment has become one of the most pressing issues in animal diversity research. This paper takes this as an entry point, applies ecological principles, and regards human economic activities as an important disturbance factor. It compares the dynamic changes of animal diversity in tourism at different altitudes and different seasons, and quantitatively reveals the impact of tourism on animal diversity. The results show that the population around the nature reserve has increased sharply, the forest coverage rate has decreased, the land utilization rate has increased tenfold compared with the previous one, nine species have disappeared in the protected area, and 19 species are endangered.