Monitoring of Wildlife Suitability Habitat Changes in Nature Reserves

  • Guobin Chen


Wildlife resources are an important part of China's natural resources. China has a vast territory and abundant resources, and is in the leading position in wildlife resources in the world. Despite our vast territory, there are still many shortcomings in wildlife resources management, and there is still a big gap compared with European and American countries. Wildlife resources are an important part of China's natural resources. Due to the rapid development of China's economy and the sustained growth of population, wildlife populations and habitats continue to be destroyed, leading to the extinction of some species. Conservation of these endangered rare wildlife is one of the main contents of biodiversity conservation in China. As the scope of human social activities continues to expand, the quality of wildlife habitats and the safety of ecosystems are seriously threatened, and the number of rare and endangered species is greatly reduced or even extinct. In this paper, remote sensing technology is used to monitor the experimental area remotely and obtain the real-time environmental changes in the experimental area. Moreover, based on the domestic GF-1 remote sensing satellite images from 2010 to 2018, the habitat elements (ecosystem structure, water resources, human activities and roads) were extracted. To provide data for adaptive habitat change of wildlife. OIF method is used to obtain the best data factors of remote sensing data. Finally, the suitability of wildlife habitat in the experimental area is evaluated by combining remote sensing data with evaluation model, and its dynamic changes are analyzed. The experimental analysis shows that the adaptive habitat area in this area has been decreasing, and the ecological environment has become increasingly unbalanced. This study provides guidance for the conservation of biodiversity in nature reserves and the maintenance of ecosystem balance.