Characteristics and Development Suggestions of Wildlife Logistics Management

  • Jian Cui
Keywords: Wild Animals, Animal Transport, Live Transport, Animal Welfare

Abstract

Wildlife transport refers to the process of moving wild animals in a certain way. This process also
includes two processes of loading and unloading. In recent years, the economic and trade activities of wild
animals at home and abroad have been increasing, and the transportation of wild animals has increased sharply.
However, the quality of containers in wild animals is not up to standard and the transportation operations are not
standardized. It not only seriously infringes on the welfare of wild animals, but also often causes animal escape
and spread of diseases. Such issues pose a hidden danger to the protection of wildlife and the maintenance of
transport safety and public health security. With the continuous improvement of wildlife conservation work in
China and the rapid development of the wildlife industry, the wildlife transportation of land-based living bodies
has gradually been put on the agenda of wildlife management. In the absence of a special land-based wildlife
transport law in China, it is necessary to formulate a national standard for the transport of wild animals in the
land, in order to serve as a basis for the technical support and administrative management of the wildlife
transport in China. This paper takes the questionnaire survey as the main research method, analyzes and
discusses the existing animal transportation situation in China, and conducts related research and discussion on
the animal transportation selection method and transportation survival rate. Among them, for the choice of
transportation mode, the person who chooses air transportation accounts for 17%, the proportion of people who
choose to transport by train is 31%, the proportion of people who choose to transport by car is 39%, and the
number of people who choose to ship by ship is 13%. Relatively speaking, people prefer train transportation and
automobile transportation. In terms of survival rate, the survival rate of air transportation is 98.8%, the survival
rate of train transportation is 96.8%, the transportation of automobiles is 90.7%, and the transportation of ships
is only 87.1%. On this basis, the paper proposes the transportation of mammalian wild animals in the land life.
At the same time, it discusses the management and development direction of domestic wildlife transportation,
and proposes that a sound legal system and national standards should be established, and a full-time land life
wild animal transportation should be established. The management organization shall establish a training
assessment and qualification permit system for living wildlife transport personnel, establish a standardized
production system for the production, supply and testing of wild animal transport containers, and revise and
improve the application content of the “Wild Animal Transport and Product Transportation Certificate” and
Establish corresponding information systems and so on.

Published
2019-11-01